Archeology Lecture Series, June 29-July 27, 2017
Please join us for some, or all, of the following series of lectures entitled "Archaelogies of People, Things, and Protected Places." Lectures will be held at the Fort Vancouver Visitor Center, 1501 E. Evergreen Boulevard, Vancouver, WA 98661 and begin at 7pm.
- June 29, 2017: Training the Next Generation: Indigenous Methods in Archaeological Practice with the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon, by Sarah Gonzalez (University of Washington)
For almost two decades Indigenous archaeologies have developed approaches to archaeology that recognize the rights of indigenous communities in relation to their cultural heritage. This has resulted in a multitude of collaborative field and collections-based projects that integrate indigenous values and perspectives into the study and representation of tribal heritage. Using the community-based Field Methods in Indigenous Archaeology (FMIA) training program as a case-study this lecture evaluates how collaborative practice with the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde's Tribal Historic Preservation Office transforms the approach FMIA uses to document Grand Ronde heritage and to train the next generation of archaeologists and tribal heritage managers.
- July 13, 2017: Recent Archaeological Research in Yellowstone National Park, by Dr. Beth Horton (Archaeologist, Yellowstone National Park, National Park Service)
With about half the world's active geysers in one of the largest, nearly intact temperate-zone ecosystems on Earth, Yellowstone National Park has a rich human history that spans more than 11,000 years. Over 1,800 archaeological sites help tell the stories of people and their connections to the park, as their home, hunting grounds, gathering places, transportation routes, and for recreation, from Paleo-Indian Clovis Culture through the 20th century. Dr. Horton will explore the many dimensions of archaeological research and discuss recent findings at the world's first national park, established in 1872. She will highlight some of the important ties between Yellowstone and the Pacific Northwest, giving special focus to links with Vancouver Barracks.
- July 20, 2017: Fort Apache Pasts, Presents, Futures, by John R. Welch (Associate Professor, Department of Archaeology and School of Resources and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University)
The Fort Apache and Theodore Roosevelt School National Historic Landmark is both the physical site at the confluence of the East and North Forks of Arizona's White River and the symbolic nexus for complex and dynamic relations among Native Americans, soldiers, bureaucrats, and advocates for cultural perpetuation, economic development, and historic preservation. Owned by the White Mountain Apache Tribe and managed by the tribally-chartered nonprofit Fort Apache Heritage Foundation, Fort Apache is an apt setting for numerous experiments in site interpretation, social entrepreneurship, tribal sovereignty enhancement, and intercultural reconciliation.
- July 27, 2017: Smudge Pits, Clay Pots, and Ball Courts: Understanding the Relationship Between People and Things, by James M. Skibo (Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Illinois State University)
The core of archaeology is the relationship between people and things. Archaeologists strive to discover how people lived in the past using things made, used, and modified by individuals. Dr. Skibo will describe these relationships using his award-winning approaches to the science of archaeology, by exploring clay cooking pots, ball courts from the American southwest, and fur-trade era smudge pits in Michigan. This presentation will reveal the theories and method behind archaeology in a thoughtful, engaging manner, exploring examples of relevance to the Pacific Northwest and elsewhere.
Thunder in the Mountains by Daniel Sharfstein, July 22, 2017
On Saturday, July 22, 2017 from 1:00pm to 3:00pm please join us for a presentation and book signing with Daniel J. Sarfstein on his new book, Thunder in the Mountains: Chief Joseph, Oliver Otis Howard and the Nez Perce War. The presentation will be at the Visitor Center (1501 E. Evergreen Boulevard, Vancouver, WA 98661) of the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site and is hosted by the Friends of Fort Vancouver and the National Park Service. The book is available for purchase at the Bookstore in the Visitor Center.
While writing his Lukas Prize-winning first book, The Invisible Line, historian Daniel Sharfstein stumbled on a detail that ended up illuminating and complicating one of the most enduring and tragic struggles in American history. After finding an 1878 letter to Oliver Otis Howard, a major post-Civil War champion of African American freedom and equality (for whom Howard University is named), Sharfstein realized that the same Howard had waged the brutal, epic campaign known as the Nez Perce War, which forced a fiercely brilliant young Native American chief and his people out of their homeland in far eastern Oregon.
In his new book, THUNDER IN THE MOUNTAINS: Chief Joseph, Oliver Otis Howard, and the Nez Perce War (W.W. Norton & Company; April 4, 2017), Sharfstein shines a light on these two larger-than-life figures, Howard and Chief Joseph, and on a clash of ideals that still defines our nation today.
Daniel J. Sharfstein is a professor of law and history at Vanderbilt University and a 2013 Guggenheim Fellow. His first book, The Invisible Line: A Secret History of Race in America, received the J. Anthony Lukas Prize. He lives in Nashville, Tennessee.
From the publisher, W.W. Norton and Company:
The epic clash of two American legends—their brutal war and a battle of ideas that defined America after Reconstruction.
Oliver Otis Howard thought he was a man of destiny. Chosen to lead the Freedmen’s Bureau after the Civil War, the Union Army general was entrusted with the era’s most crucial task: helping millions of former slaves claim the rights of citizens. He was energized by the belief that abolition and Reconstruction, the country’s great struggles for liberty and equality, were God’s plan for himself and the nation. To honor his righteous commitment to a new American freedom, Howard University was named for him.
But as the nation’s politics curdled in the 1870s, General Howard exiled himself from Washington, D.C., rejoined the army, and was sent across the continent to command forces in the Pacific Northwest. Shattered by Reconstruction’s collapse, he assumed a new mission: forcing Native Americans to become Christian farmers on government reservations.
Howard’s plans for redemption in the West ran headlong into the resistance of Chief Joseph, a young Nez Perce leader in northeastern Oregon who refused to leave his ancestral land. Claiming equal rights for Native Americans, Joseph was determined to find his way to the center of American power and convince the government to acknowledge his people’s humanity and capacity for citizenship. Although his words echoed the very ideas about liberty and equality that Howard had championed during Reconstruction, in the summer of 1877 the general and his troops ruthlessly pursued hundreds of Nez Perce families through the stark and unforgiving Northern Rockies. An odyssey and a tragedy, their devastating war transfixed the nation and immortalized Chief Joseph as a hero to generations of Americans.
Recreating the Nez Perce War through the voices of its survivors, Daniel J. Sharfstein’s visionary history of the West casts Howard’s turn away from civil rights alongside the nation’s rejection of racial equality and embrace of empire. The conflict becomes a pivotal struggle over who gets to claim the American dream: a battle of ideas about the meaning of freedom and equality, the mechanics of American power, and the limits of what the government can and should do for its people. The war that Howard and Joseph fought is one that Americans continue to fight today.
1860s Vintage Base Ball, July 22, 2017
Yes - the vintage term is base ball - two words! Check back for the time the game will begin at 6:00pm on Saturday, July 22, 2017 and will be held on the parade ground of the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site.
Check out the Vintage Baseball Association for the rules and more information. Thanks to the Fort Vancouver Costume Guild for the creation of the uniforms. Come to watch the game - it will take you back a step in time!
And, so that you are prepared to properly appreciate and participate in the game, here is a sample of some vintage base ball terminology:
Club Nine Team
Horsehide, onion Ball
Striker to the line Batter up
Dish Home plate
Four baser Homerun
Foul tick Foul ball
Player dead Out
Leg it Run to base
Show a little ginger Play harder
Stir your stumps Run fast/hustle
Photos courtesy of the National Park Service.
Chkalvosk Russian Artwork, July, 2017
In honor of the 80th Anniversary of the World’s First Transpolar Flight, a selection of paintings featuring Chkalovsk, Russia – birthplace and namesake of the lead pilot Valery Chkalov – will be featured in the Bookstore at the Visitor Center. The paintings are the work of Russian artists who live in the Chkalovsk region. Chkalovsk lies on the Volga River in the Nizhni Novgorod province. Founded around 1200 AD as Vasilova Sloboda, the community was renamed for its local hero after the world-renowned flight that landed in Vancouver, WA, on June 20, 1937. The Chkalovsk region is well-regarded for its ancient churches and natural beauty. An artist colony evolved there after World War II and beginning in 1992, some of their paintings have been released to private collectors.
The exhibit is free. The Bookstore will feature books about the Transpolar flight, aviation pins, and hand-painted jewelry, toys and “Matryoshka” nesting dolls from Russia.
Smokey Bear's Birthday Celebration August 12, 2017
COME MEET SMOKEY BEAR! Please join Friends of Fort Vancouver, the US Forest Service and the National Park Service for a one-hour celebration from 1:30 to 2:30 PM, Saturday, August 12, 2017, at the National Park Visitor Center, 1501 East Evergreen Blvd, 98661. The theater will feature a special short video about Smokey and Friends, the Friends' Bookshop will feature Smokey books and memorabilia, and birthday cake & lemonade will be served on the veranda when Smokey makes his appearance. If not fighting a wildfire, we have planned a special appearance of a Forest Ranger wearing the familiar uniform and campaign hat of the USFS in the 1930's.
Smokey was a real cub bear rescued by fire fighters in the Lincoln National Forest in New Mexico. Smokey's debut poster was released on August 9, 1944, which is considered his anniversary date. Overseen by the Cooperative Forest Fire Prevention Campaign, the first poster was illustrated by Albert Staehle. In it Smokey was depicted wearing jeans and a campaign hat, pouring a bucket of water on a campfire. The message underneath reads, "Smokey says – Care will prevent 9 out of 10 forest fires!"
Also in 1944, Forest Service worker Rudy Wendelin became the full-time campaign artist; he was considered Smokey Bear's "caretaker" until he retired in 1973.
Smokey's message is as true today as it was when he was rescued in 1944, but his contemporary slogan has changed slightly: "Only you can prevent WILDFIRES."
Please join to meet this American icon and to welcome the Forest Service to the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site.
PS - Smokey's actual birthday (the anniversary when he was discovered) is August 9th, but we are celebrating on Saturday so more folks can attend.
Artist Juneko Martinson, August 19, 2017
Felting Artist Juneko Martinson will be at the Friends Shop in the Visitor Center on Saturday, August 19, 2017 from 10:am to 3:00pm to introduce us to her beautiful felted animals, representative of the natural environment of the Pacific Northwest as well as the life and legends of the area. Ms. Martinson will be present to demonstrate her fiber art, explain how she makes her delightful hand-crafted friends and answer questions about her work.
Ms. Martinson raises sheep and alpaca in Brush Prairie, Washington. Her recent work includes a series of exhibits, using felted animals she created to narrate a story entitled "Sheep's Wool from Shearing to Fashion Decor" which relates the journey of processing wool from raising and shearing sheep, carding and spinning yarn, to weaving blankets and textiles.
Some of Ms. Martinson's work is currently available for sale in the Friends Shop, including, among many others, dogs, cats, and some very enchanting opossums!
Photos courtesy of the artist.
Cynthia Landrum, The Valley of the Kings, September 30, 2017
Friends of the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site are pleased to welcome Cynthia Landrum, PhD to discuss her book The Valley of the Kings: Rehabilitation of the People of the Columbia River and Pacific Rim through Ceremonialism.
Dr. Landrum will be at the Visitor Center on Wednesday, September 20, 2017; time to be announced.
From the publisher (J. Charlton Publishing Ltd.)
It has been suggested that the wars fought between the Peoples indigenous to Turtle Island and the Euro-Americans were more than just over land – they were wars of the mind. It has been further suggested that the American mainstream still thinks in a linear fashion, which is different from the circular fashion of traditionalists. These two world views continue to be at odds when both are not realized, “as by one not knowing the other one.” This neglect presumes there is only one correct way of thought-the linear way-which implicitly compounds the long-term national problem of geographic dislocation and the negative aspects of alcohol (and other substances) once they were systematically introduced into Native populations through trade; as the “larger ripple” of colonization continues to manifest itself in new and unanticipated ways.
Within The Valley of the Kings, Cynthia Landrum, PhD explores the outcomes of the colonization process in respect to drugs and alcohol use among Pacific Northwest tribes and how it impacts individuals and communities: spiritually, psychologically, emotionally, and socially over time. Further, Dr. Landrum examines the survival of the individual, traditions and cultures, assimilation “norms” versus traditions, and the Native traditions and ceremonies in place to remedy ongoing addiction issues.
The Friends operates the Friends Shop in the Visitor Center at the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site.
Friends Shop is open Tuesday through Saturday, 9am - 5:00pm. All items sold at the Shop interpret the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site.
The Visitor Center is located at 1501 East Evergreen Boulevard, Vancouver, Washington, 98661.
It is a great place for books (new and vintage) AND MORE - we have a wide range of items that are reflective of the history of the Site that make unique gifts. We have Lillian Pitt's art works (jewelry, statuary, charms and mini-masks; click here for more information), masks and prints by Toma Villa (the artist who created the "Spirit Pole" in the Visitor Center, click here for additional information), Pendleton goods, posters, postcards, historic photos, magnets, water bottles, leather trade bags, pins, trade beads, Indian bead work and baskets, stuffed animals, Jacobsen salt, canned salmon, as well as NPS Passports & 2016 Centennial items.
The US Forest Service is now at the Visitor Center at the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site and US Forest Service regional maps are available for purchase at the Shop.
Vintage Easter cards for sale and new seeds from the Fort Vancouver Garden are now available.
The Shop has stocked some beautiful Russian items. Items in this “Russian Collection,” including hand carved toys, Matryoshka (or nesting) dolls, lacquer pins, barrettes, boxes, and birch bark boxes are all handmade and intricately hand painted in Russia. Each item is a tiny work of art. Matryoshka dolls were introduced to Russia from China over the “Silk Road” to Nizhny Novgorod in the late nineteenth century and soon after became a famous Russian tradition known throughout the world. Birch Bark boxes and handcrafts were first developed in the birch forests of the Ural Mountains. Their patterns often reflect rugged mountainous scenes and animals of the forests. Lacquerware is generally made of papier-mâché and for many it represents a high form of artistic talent. These are intricately hand painted, some reflecting Russian scenes, flowers and often fairy tales. Lacquer painting as an art form evolved from icon painting in Russia.
To educate individuals about the military history of the Site many books with a tie to military history and military themes are available.
In addition to Rinker Buck's book, The Oregon Trail: A New American Journey, the Bookstore at the Visitor Center has stocked many vintage books for all age groups about the history and experience of the Oregon Trail.
We have stocked some unique cards and 8"x10" photographic posters from Tom Robinson's collection of historic photographs; Cards are $4, the 8"x10" posters retail for $10.
We have wonderful cedar bark baskets of the type traditionally used for huckleberry gathering, bead work, barrettes, necklaces and earrings by Native artists, including Aleut artist Lois Thadei. We have cards, posters, toys and much more that reflects the people, cultures and eras that are represented at the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site.
The collection of vintage and out-of-print books at the Shop cover a variety of topics, people and histories that interact with the Site. The collection is unique and well worth spending some time with. Please visit us soon to meet some Friends and do some shopping.
River People Blanket
“I've spent a lot of time learning about my ancestors and studying the designs that they created ... their rock carvings, their baskets, beaded bags, dresses, the tools they used ... my work directly relates to and honors my ancestors, my people, the environment and the animals. This maintains my link with tradition and acknowledges the many contributions my ancestors have made to this world.” - Lillian Pitt, Warm Springs/Wasco/Yakama
The Friends of Fort Vancouver National Historic Site has worked together with Pendleton Woolen Mills to arrange for an exclusive, limited run of 125 “River People” blankets. The blanket was designed by Lillian Pitt and measures 64”x80". The material content is 82% wool and 18% cotton; the edges are felt bound. The blanket is made in the USA by Pendleton Woolen Mills. Pendleton recommends dry cleaning only. The blanket sells for $249.00, exclusive of tax and shipping.
Blankets are now in stock in the Bookstore at the Visitor Center at 1105 E Evergreen Boulevard, Vancouver, WA 98661. If you out of town and are interested having a blanket shipped to you, please contact us.
This holiday season we will be featuring this special blanket, as well as other Pendleton items.